Article 233. For the purposes of article 7, XXIX, rural employers shall, every five years, present evidence before the Labour Courts that they have fulfilled their labour obligations toward rural employees in the presence of the latter and of their union representative

Paragraph 1 - Upon evidence that the obligations mentioned in this article have been fulfilled, the employer shall be exempt from any charges deriving from those obligations in the respective period. In case the employee and his representative do not agree with the evidence presented by the employer, it shall be incumbent upon the Labour Courts to resolve the dispute.

Paragraph 2 - The employee shall, in any case, have the right to claim in court the credits to which he believes he is entitled referring to the last five years.

Paragraph 3 - The evidence mentioned in this article may be produced at intervals of less than five years, at the discretion of the employer.

Article 234. It is forbidden for the Union to assume, directly or indirectly, as a result of the creation of a state, burdens related to expenses with inactive personnel and with charges and repayments of internal or foreign debt of the public administration, including those of the indirect administration.

Article 235. During the first ten years after the creation of a state the following basic rules shall be observed:

  1. the Legislative Assembly shall be composed of seventeen Deputies if the population of the state is less than six hundred thousand inhabitants, and of twenty-four Deputies if it is equal to or greater than this number, up to one million and five hundred thousand inhabitants;
  2. the Government shall have at most ten Secretariats;
  3. the Court of Accounts shall have three members, appointed by the elected Governor, among Brazilians of proven good repute and notable knowledge;
  4. the Court of Justice shall have seven Judges;
  5. the first Judges shall be appointed by the elected Governor, chosen in the following manner:
    1. five of them from among judges with more than thirty-five years of age, in exercise within the area of the new state or of the original one:
    2. two of them from among public prosecutors, under the same conditions, and from among attorneys of proven good repute and legal knowledge, with at least ten years of professional practice. complying with the procedures set forth in this Constitution;
  6. in the case of a state which originated from a federal territory, the first five Judges may be chosen from among judges from any part of the country:
  7. in each judicial district the first Judge, the first Public Prosecutor and the first Public Defender shall be appointed by the elected Governor after a public entrance examination of tests and presentation of academic and professional credentials;
  8. until the promulgation of the state Constitution, the offices of Attorney-General, Advocate-General and Defender-General shall be held by lawyers of notable knowledge, with at least thirty-five years of age, appointed by the elected Governor and removable ad nutum;
  9. if the new state results from the transformation of a federal territory the transfer of financial burden from the Union for payment of opting civii servants who belonged to the Federal Administration, shall take place as follows:
    1. in the sixth year after its creation, the state shall assume twenty percent of the financial burden for the payment of the civil servants, the remainder continuing as a responsibility of the Union;
    2. in the seventh year, thirty percent shall be added to the burden of the state and, in the eighth year, the remaining fifty percent;
  10. the appointments subsequent to the first ones, for the offices mentioned in this article, shall be regulated by the state Constitution;
  11. the budgetary personnel expenses shall not exceed fifty percent of the revenues of the state.
Article 236. Notary and registration services shall be exercised by private entities by Government delegation.

Paragraph 1 - The law shall regulate the activities, discipline the civil and criminal liability of notaries, registrars and their officials and define the supervision of their acts by the Judicial Power.

Paragraph 2 - Federal law shall set forth general rules for the establishment of the fees for the acts performed by notary and registration services.

Paragraph 3 - The entrance in notary and registration activities shall depend on a public entrance examination of tests and presentation of academic and professional credentials, and an office shall not be permitted to remain vacant for more than six months, without the opening of a public examination to fill it, either by appointment or transference.

Article 237. The supervision and control of foreign trade, which are essential to the defense of national financial interests, shall be exercised by the Ministry of Finance.

Article 238. The law shall organize the sale and resale of petroleum-derived fuels, fuel alcohol and other fuels derived from renewable raw-materials. respecting the principles of this Constitution.

Article 239. The revenues from contributions to the Social Integration Program, created by the Supplementary Law number 7 of September 7, 1970, and to the Civil Servants Asset Development Programme, created by the Supplementary Law number 8, of December 3, 1970, shall, from the date of the promulgation of this Constitution, fund the unemployment insurance programme and the bonus referred to in paragraph 3 of this article, in the manner prescribed bv law.

Paragraph 1 - At least forty percent of the funds mentioned in the caption of this article shall be allocated to finance economic development programmes, through the National Economic and Social Development Bank, with remuneration criteria which preserve their value.

Paragraph 2 - The accrued assets of the Social Integration Programme and of the Civil Servants Asset Development Programme shall be preserved, maintaining the criteria for withdrawal in the situations provided for in specific laws, with the exception of withdrawal by reason of marriage, it being forbidden the distribution of the revenues referred to in the caption of this article, for deposit in the personal accounts of the participants.

Paragraph 3 - Employees who receive monthly remuneration of up to two minimum wages from employers who contribute to the Social Integration Programme and to the Civil Servants Asset Development Programme shall be ensured the annual payment of one minimum wage, in which value the income of the individual accounts shall be computed, in the case of those who already participated in such programmes before the date of the promulgation of this Constitution.

Paragraph 4 - Funding of the unemployment insurance programme shall receive an additional contribution from companies in which employee turnover exceeds the average turnover rate of the sector, in the manner established bv law.

Article 240. The present compulsory contributions calculated on the payroll, made by employers, intended for private social service and professional training entities linked to the labour union system, are excluded from the provisions of article 195.

Article 241. The principle of article 39, paragraph 1, corresponding to the careers regulated in article 13 5 of this Constitution, shall apply to career police officers.

Article 242. The principle of article 206, IV, shall not apply to the official educational institutions created by state or municipal law and in existence on the date of the promulgation of this Constitution, which are not totally or predominantly maintained with Public funds.

Paragraph 1 - The teaching of Brazilian History shall take into account the contribution of the different cultures and ethnic groups to the formation of the Brazilian people.

Paragraph 2 - The Pedro II School, located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, shall be maintained in the federal sphere.

Article 243. Tracts of land in any region of the country where illegal plantations of psychotropic plants are found shall be expropriated immediately and specifically assigned to the settlement of tenant farmers, to the culture of foodstuff. s and medicinal products, with no indemnity to the owner and without prejudice to other sanctions set forth by law.

Sole paragraph - Any and all good of economic value seized as a result of illegal traffic or narcotics and similar drugs shall be confiscated and reverted to the benefit of institutions and personnel specialized in the treatment and cure of drug-addicts and in the equipping and funding of supervision, control, prevention and repression of drug traffic crime.

Article 244. The law shall provide for the adaptation of presently existing sites and buildings of public use and of the public transportation vehicles in order to guarantee adequate access to the handicapped, as set forth in article 227, paragraph 2.

Article 245. The law shall provide for the cases and conditions in which the Government shall give assistance to the needy heirs and dependants of victims of willful crimes, without prejudice to the civil responsibility of the perpetrator of the offense.

*Article 246. The adoption of any provisional measure for the regulation of any article of the Constitution the wording of which has been altered by means of an amendment enacted as of 1995 is forbidden.

*CA 6 and 7/95. 

Brasília, October 5, 1988. - Ulysses Guimardies, President - Mauro Benevides, First Vice-President - Jorge Arbage, Second Vice-President - Marcelo Cordeiro, First Secretary - Mário Maia, Second Secretary - Arnaldo Faria de Sá, Third Secretary - Benedita da Silva, First Substitute Secretary - Luiz Soyer, Second Substitute Secretary - Sotero Cunha, Third Substitute Secretary - Bernardo Cabral, Reporter-General - Adolfo Oliveira, Adjunct Reporter - Antonio Carlos Konder Reis, Adjunct Reporter - José Fogaça, Adjunct Reporter - Abigail Feitosa - Acival Gomes - Adauto Pereira - Ademir Andrade - Adhemar de Barros Filho - Adroaldo Streck - Adylson Motta - Aécio de Borba - Aécio Neves - Affonso Camargo - Afif Domingos - Afonso Arinos - Afonso Sancho - Agassiz AImeida - Agripino de Oliveira Lima - Airton Cordeiro - Airton Sandoval - Alarico Abib - Albano Franco - Albérico Cordeiro - Albérico Filho - Alceni Guerra - Alcides Saldanha - Aldo Arantes - Alércio Dias Alexandre Costa - Alexandre Puzyna - Alfredo Campos - Almir Gabriel Aloisio Vasconcelos - Aloysio Chaves - Aloysio Teixeira - Aluizio Bezerra Aluizio Carnpos - ÁIvaro Antônio - ÁIvaro Pacheco - ÁIvaro Valle - Alysson Paulinelli - Amaral Netto - Amaury Mueller - Amilcar Moreira - Angelo Magalhães - Anna Maria Rattes - Annibal Barcellos - Antero de Barros - Antônio Câmara - Antônio Carlos Franco - Antonio Carlos Mendes Thame - Antônio de Jesus - Antonio Ferreira - Antonio Gaspar - Antonio Mariz - Antonio Perosa - Antônio Salim Curiati - Antonio Ueno - Arnaldo Alartins - Arnaldo Moraes - Arnaldo Prieto - Arnold Fioravante - Arolde de Oliveira - Artenir Werner - Artur da Távola - Asdrubal Bentes - Assis Canuto - Átila Lira - Augusto Carvalho - Áureo Mello - Basílio Viliani - Benedicto Monteiro - Benito Gama - Beth Azize - Bezerra de Melo - Bocayuva Cunha - Bonifácio de Andrada - Bosco França - Brandão Monteiro - Caio Pompeu - Carlos Alberto - Carlos AIberto Caó - Carlos Benevides - Carlos Cardinal - Carlos Chiarelli - Carlos Cotta - Carlos De'Carli - Carlos Moscon - Carlos Sant'Anna- Carlos Vinagre - Carlos Vigílio - Carrel Benevides - Cássio Cunha Lima - Célio de Castro - Celso Dourado - César Cals Neto - César Maia - Chagas Duarte - Chagas Neto - Chagas Rodrigues - Chico Humberto - Christóvam Chiaradia - Cid Carvalho - Cid Sabóia de Carvalho - Cláudio Ávila - Cleonâncio Fonseca - Costa Ferreira - Cristina Tavares - Cunha Bueno - Dálton Canabrava - Darcy Deitos - Darcy Pozza - Daso Coimbra Davi AIves Silva - Del Bosco Amaral - Delfim Netto - Délio Braz - Denisar Arneiro - Dionisio Dal Prá - Dionísio Hage - Dirce Tutu Ouadros - Dirceu Carneiro - Divaldo Suruagy - Djenal Gonçalves - Domingos Juvenil - Domingos Leonelli - Doreto Campanari - Edésio Frias - Edison Lobão - Edivaldo Motta - Edme Tavares - Edmilson Valentim - Eduardo Bonfim - Eduardo Jorge - Eduardo Moreira - Egídio Ferreira Lima - Elias Murad Eliel Rodrigues - Eliézer Moreira - Enoc Vieira - Eraldo Tinoco - Eraldo Trindade - Erico Pegoraro - Ervin Bonkoski - Etevaldo Nogueira - Euclides Scalco - Eunice Michiles - Evaldo Gonçalves - Expedito Machado - Ézio Ferreira - Fábio Feldmann - Fábio Raunheitti - Farabulini Júnior - Fausto Fernandes - Fausto Rocha - Felipe Mendes - Feres Nader - Fernando Bezerra Coelho - Fernando Cunha - Fernando Gasparian - Fernando Gomes Fernando Henrique Cardoso - Fernando Lyra - Fernando Santana - Fernando Velasco - Firmo de Castro - Flavio Palmier da Veiga - Flávio Rocha Florestan Fernandes- Floriceno Paixao - França Teixeira - Francisco Amaral - Francisco Benjamim - Francisco Carneiro - Francisco Coelho - Francisco Di¢genes - Francisco Dornelles - Francisco Kuster - Francisco Pinto - Francisco Rollemberg - Francisco Rossi - Francisco Sales - Fursado Leite - Gabriel Guerreiro - Gandi Jamil - Gastone Righi - Genebaldo Correia - Genésio Bernardino - Geovani Borges - Geraldo Alekmin Filho - Geraldo Bulhões - Geraldo Campos - Geraldo Fleming - Geraldo Melo - Gerson Camata - Gerson Marcondes - Gerson Peres - Gidel Dantas - Gil César - Gilson Machado - Gonzaga Patriaota - Guilherme Palmeira - Gumercindo Milhomem - Gustavo de Faria - Harlan Gadelha - Haroldo Lima -Haroldo Sabóia - Hélio Duque - Hélio Manhães - Hélio Rosas - Henrique Córdova - Henrique Eduardo Alves - Heráclito Fortes - Hermes Zaneti - Hilário Braun - Homero Santos - Humberto Lucena - Humberto Souto - Iberê Ferreira - Ibsen Pinheiro - Inocêncio Oliveira - Irajá Rodriques - Iram Saraiva - Irapuan Costa Júnior - Irma Passoni - Ismael Wanderley - Israel Pinheiro- Itamar Franco - Ivo Cersósmo - Ivo Lech - Ivo Mainardi - Ivo Vanderlinde - Jacy Scanagatta - Jairo Azi - Jairo Careiro - Jalles Fontoura - Jamil Haddad - Jarbas Passarinho - Jayme Paliarin - Jayme Santana - Jesualdo Cavalcanti - Jesus Tajra - Joaci Góes - João Agripino - João Alves - João Calmon - João Carlos Bacelar - João Castelo - João Cunha - João da Mata - João de Deus Antunes - João Herrman Neto - João Lobo -João Machado Rollemberg - João Menezes - João Natal - João Paulo - João Rezek - João Bevilácqua - Joaquim Francisco - Joaquim Hayckel - Joaquim Sucena - Jofran Frejat - Jonas Pinheiro - Jonival Lucas - Jorge Bornhausen - Jorge Hage - Jorge Leite - Kprge Uequed - Jorge Vianna - José Agripino - José Camargo - José Carlos Coutinho - José Carlos Grecco - José Carlos Martinez - José Carlos Sabóia - José Vasconcelos - José Costa - José da Conceição - José Dutra - José Egreja - José Elias - José Fernandes - José Freire - José Genoino - José Geraldo - José Guedes - José Ingnácio Ferreira - José Jorge - José Lins - José Lourenço - José Luiz de Sá - José Luiz Maia - José Maranhão - José Maria Eymael - José Mauricio - José Melo - José Mendoça Bezerra- José Moura - José Paulo Bisol - José Queiroz - José Richa - José Santana de Vasconcellos -José Serra - José Tavares - José Teixeira - José Thomaz Nonô - José Tinoco - José Ulisses de Oliveira - José Viana - José Yunes - Jovanni Masini - Juarez Antunes - Júlio Campos - Júlio Costamilan - Jutahy Júnior - Jutahy Magalhães - Koyu Iha - Lael Varella - Lavoisier Maia - Leite Chaves - Lélio Souza - Leopoldo Peres - Leur Lomanto - Levy Dias - Lézio Sathler - Lidice da Mata - Louremberg Nunes Rocha - Lourival Baptista - Lúcia Braga - Lúcia Vânia - Lúcio Alcântara - Luis Eduardo - Luis Roberto Ponte - Luiz Alberto Rodrigues - Luiz Freire - Luiz Gushiken - Luiz Henrique - Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva - Luiz Leal - Luiz Marques - Luiz Salomão - Luiz Viana - Luiz Viana Neto - Lysânea Maciel - Maguito Vilela - Maluly Neto - Manoel Castro - Manoel Moreira - Manoel Ribeiro - Mansueto de Lavor - Manuel Viana - Márcia Kubitschek - Márcio Braga - Márcio Lacerda - Marco Maciel - Marcondes Gadelha - Marcos Lima - Marcos Queiroz - Maria de Lourdes Abadia - Maria Lúcia - Mário Assad - Mário Covas - Mário de Oliveira - Mário Lima - Marluce Pinto - Matheus Iensen - Mattos Leão - Maurício Campos - Maurício Correa - Maurício Fruet - Maurício Nasser - Maurício Pádua - Maurílio Ferreira Lima - Mauro Borges - Mauro Campos - Mauro Miranda - Mauro Sampaio - Max Rosenmann - Meira Filho - Melo Freire - Mello Reis - Menes Botelho - Mendes Canale - Mendes Ribeiro - Messias Góis - Messias Soares - Michel Temer - Milton Barbosa - Milton Lima - Milton Reis - Miraldo Gomes - Miro Teixeira - Moema São Thiago - Moysés Pimentel - Mazarildo Cavalcanti - Mussa Demes - Myrian Portella - Nabor Júnior - Naphtali AIves de Souza - Narciso Mendes - Nelson Aguiar - Nelson Carneiro - Nelson Jobim - Nelson Sabrá - Nelson Seixas - Nelson Wedekin - Nelton Friedrich - Nestor Duarte - Ney Maranhdo - Nilso Sguarezi - Mlson Gibson - Nion Albernaz - Noel de Carvalho - Nyder Barbosa - Octávio Elísio - Odacir Soares- Olavo Pires- Olívio Dutra- Onofre Corrêa - Orlando Bezerra - Orlando Pacheco - Oscar Corrêa - Osmar Leitão - Osmir Lima - Osmundo Rebouças - Osvaldo Bender - Osvaldo Coelho - Osvaldo Macedo - Osvaldo Sobrinho - Oswaldo AImeida - Oswaldo Trevisan - Ottomar Pinto - Paes de Andrade - Paes Landim - Paulo Delgado - Paulo Macarini - Paulo Marques - Paulo Mincarone - Paulo Paim - Paulo Pimentel - Paulo Ramos - Paulo Roberto - Paulo Roberto Cunha - Paulo Silva - Paulo Zarzur - Pedro Canedo - Pedro Ceolin - Percival Muniz - Pimenta da Veiga - Plínio Arruda Sampaio - Plínio Martins - Pompeu de Sousa - Rachid Saldanha Derzi - Raimundo Bezerra - Raimundo Lira - Raimundo Rezende - Raquel Cândido - Raquel Capiberibe - Raul Belém - Raul Ferraz - Renan Calheiros - Renato Bernardi - Renato Johnsson - Renato Vanna - Ricardo Fiuza - Ricardo Izar - Rita Camata - Rita Furtado - Roberto Augusto - Roberto Balestra - Roberto Brant - Roberto Campos - Roberto D'Ávila - Roberto Freire - Roberto Jefferson - Roberto Rollemberg - Roberto Torres - Roberto Vital - Robson Marinho - Rodrigues Palma - Ronaldo Aragão - Ronaldo Carvalho - Ronaldo Cezar Coelho - Ronan Tito - Ronaro Corrêa - Rosa Prata - Rose de Freitas - Rospide Netto - Rubem Branquinho - Rubem Medina - Ruben Figueiró - Ruberval Pilotto - Ruy Bacelar - Ruy Nedel - Sadie Hauache - Salatiel Carvalho - Samir Achôa - Sandra Cavalcanti - Santinho Furtado - Sarney Filho - Saulo Queiroz - Sérgio Brito - Sérgio Spada - Sérgio Werneck - Severo Gomes - Sigmaringa Seixas - Sílvio Abreu - Simão Sessim - Siqueira Campos - Sólon Borges dos Reis - Stélio Dias - Tadeu Fran‡a - Telmo Kirst -- Teotonio Vlela Filho - Theodoro Mendes - Tito Costa - Ubiratan Aguiar - Ubiratan Spinelli - Uldurico Pinto - Valmir Campelo - Valter Pereira - Vasco Alves - Vicente Bogo - Victor Faccioni - Victor Fontana - Victor Trovdo - Vieira da Silva - Vilson Souza - Vingt Rosado - Vinicius Cansanção - Vrgildásio de Senna - Virgílio Galassi - Virgílio Guimarães - Vitor Buaiz - Vivaldo Barbosa - Vladimir Palmeira - Wagner Lago - Waldec Ornélas - Waldyr Pugliesi - Walmor de Luca - Wilma Maia - Wilson Campos - Wilson Martins - Ziza Valadares.

PARTICIPANTS: Álvaro Dias - Antônio Britto - Bete Mendes - Borges da Silveira - Cardoso Alves - Edivaldo Holanda - Expedito Júnior - Fadah Gattass - Francisco Dias - Geovah Amarante - Hélio Gueiros - Horácio Ferraz - Hugo Napoleão - Iturival Nascimento - Ivan Bonato - Jorge Medauar - José Mendonça de Morais - Leopoldo Bessone - Marcelo Miranda - Mauro Fecury - Neuto de Conto - Nivaldo Machado - Oswaldo Lima Filho - Paulo Almada - Prisco Viana - Ralph Biasi - Rosário Congro Neto - Sérgio Naya - Tidei de Lima.

IN MEMORIAM: Alair Ferreira - Antônio Farias - Fábio Lucena - Norberto Schwantes - Virgílio Távora.

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